Šifra: S-120-15

Brand: Stari Srpski Zanati

Mug with the motif of Stefan Nemanja

Volume: 0.5l.

Dimensions: 15 x 11 cm

Material: terracotta (type of ceramic)

12,49 USD7,99 USD
Akcija traje od 30.11.2022. 09:00 do 03.12.2022. 08:00


Stefan Nemanja was the great prefect of Raska and the ancestor of the ruling Nemanjic dynasty, which at one time ruled part of the then Serbia in the Middle Ages.


He is considered one of the most important Serbian rulers, [a] and together with his son Saint Sava Srpski, one of the founders of the Serbian Orthodox Church, which celebrates Stefan Nemanja as Saint Simeon the Myrrh-bearer. The period of his rule represents a turning point in the history and culture of the Serbs. [3]


As the youngest son of the lord Zavida, he overthrew probably in 1166 his eldest brother Tihomir and the supreme authority of Byzantium. [4] [5] In addition to his brother Tihomir, he had two other brothers, Miroslav and Stracimir. After the collapse of the anti-Byzantine coalition, in which he participated, in 1172, Nemanja I surrendered to the Byzantine emperor Manoel I Comnenus (1143-1180) and recognized him as his sovereign. After the emperor's death in 1180, he began attacks on Byzantine territory and completed the expansion of his rule to the surrounding Serbian areas (Kosovo, Zeta, Travunija, Zahumlje and the Neretva area), except Bosnia. His expansion ended with the defeat on the Morava in 1190, after which Raška symbolically became a Byzantine vassal, but Nemanja was recognized for most of his previous conquests.


Internally, he turned to consolidating power in the country. He convened a council against the Bogomils in Raska, after which, with the help of the army, he dealt harshly with the followers of this teaching, which was considered heretical. [6] At the international level, the great Serbian prefect was a loyal vassal to Manojl Komnin from 1172, sending him auxiliary military detachments that also took part in the battle of Miriokefalon (1176). year, [7] but after the death of Emperor Manoel I (1180), the great prefect revolted and entered into great alliances against Byzantium. He even sent his envoys to Nuremberg in 1188 to negotiate with the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (1155-1190).


In art, his reign is characterized by the beginning of the erection of monumental royal endowments, as well as the emergence of authentic Serbian style in sacred architecture, known as the Raska style, whose beginning is taken as the erection of the monastery Đurđevi Stupovi. In addition to him, Nemanja built and renovated a number of churches and monasteries, among which the monasteries should be noted: Studenica (which he built as a mausoleum) and Hilandar, which he renovated from the ground up with his son Sava in 1198. [8]


He retired from power and became a monk at the council in 1196, and appointed his middle son Stephen the First-Crowned as his successor (great prefect from 1196 to 1217 or until 1219, and king from 1217 or 1219 to 1228), [9] in agreement with the Byzantine emperor Alexius III (1195—1203), whose daughter Evdokija was married to Prvovenčani. [b] He died as a monk Simeon in the Hilandar monastery, and his relics were transferred to the Studenica monastery in 1208, where they are still located today.





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